Clothing
dogi (gi) uniform
uwagi top (jacket)
shitabaki pants
obi belt
shiro white
aka red
kuro black
hakama pleated pant skirt
Manners
rei respect
ritsurei standing bow
zarei sitting bow
Roles
uke person attacking, receives movement or throw
nage person receiving attack
Counting
1 ichi
2 ni
3 san
4 shi
5 go
6 roku
7 shichi
8 hachi
9 ku
10 ju
11 ju ichi
12 ju ni
...
20 ni ju
...
30 san ju
Posture
hanmi guard posture with one foot forward
ai-hanmi both persons in right or left hanmi (cross stance)
gyaku-hanmi one person in left, the other in right hanmi (mirror stance)
ma-ai distance between uke and nage
kamae alert posture
say gon ni no kamae central guard posture with a weapon
Receiving
ukemi art of rolls or falls
mae ukemi forward roll
ushiro ukemi backward roll
tobi ukemi jump or high breakfall
Movement
tachiwaza standing techniques
suwariwaza (zaho) sitting techniques
hanmi handachi waza techniques where nage is sitting and uke attacks from a standing position
tai sabaki body movments/change of position in response to an attack
irimi (omote) moving to uke's front, entering
tenkan (ura) pivoting, turning usually to uke's back side
tenshin drawing back at an angle to unbalance uke
shikko knee walking
omote waza techniques based on entering into uke's attack
ura waza techniques based on turning to the back of uke, often with tenkan
nage waza techniques involving throwing uke
katame waza techniques involving immobilization of uke
nage katame waza techniques involving both throwing and immobilizing uke
Attacks
atemi strike or blow
ganmenuchi punch to the face
gyaku tetori,
katatetori hantai,
tagaite tori
cross hand grab
hijitori elbow grab
katatori one hand grab to the shoulder
katatetori taking one hand (specify ai-hanmi or gyaku-hanmi)
katatetori menuchi holding one hand and striking the head with the other hand
menuchi strike to the head
morotetori,
ryotemochi
two hands on one
munamochi taking the lapel
munetsuki blow or thrust to the abdomen or chest
ryokatatori taking both shoulders
shomenuchi strike to the forehead
sodetori taking the sleeve
tsuki thrust or punch
ushiro eri dori collar grab from behind
ushiro hijitori both elbows taken from behind
ushiro kubishime choke from behind with free hand grabbing wrist
ushiro ryokatatori both shoulder grabbed from behind
ushiro tekubitori,
ushiro ryotetori
both writsts grabbed from behind
ushirotori grasping around the chest and arms from behind, bear hug
ushiro waza any attack from behind
yokomenuchi lateral blow to the side of the head or neck
Weapons
tachitori sword taking techniques
tantotori knife taking techniques
jotori jo taking techniques
kumi jo both partners with jo practice movement
kumi tachi both partners with sword practice movement
Techniques
ikkyo,
ude osae
first immobilization (arm)
nikyo,
kote mawashi
second immobilization (wrist turning)
sankyo,
kote hineri
third immobilization (hand twisting)
yonkyo,
tekubi osae
fourth immobilization (wrist immobilization)
gokyo fifth immobilization (variation of ikkyo against a knife)
rokukyo,
ude hishigi
sixth immobilization (elbow lock)
Throws
iriminage body entering throw
shihonage four-direction throw
kaitennage rotary throw
jujinage,
udekimenage
elbow lock throw
koshinage hip throw
tenchinage heaven and earth throw
kokyunage breath power throw (includes iriminage and unnamed projections)
jujigarami crossed arm lock throw (arm entanglement)
aiki otoshi aiki drop
sumi otoshi corner drop
sudori drop under attacker
kotegaeshi palm turning
sodegaeshi arm turning